Plasmodium, the mosquito-borne parasite that causes malaria was discovered by a French scientist working in Algeria over a century ago. Algeria has now achieved a public health victory by becoming malaria-free, according to the WHO. This means that no malaria case has occurred from local transmission in the country in at least 3 consecutive years. Argentina was also declared malaria-free. Only a handful of countries in Africa and South America have ever achieved this milestone. Hopefully, the number of malaria-free countries in Africa will increase steadily in coming years.