In Nigeria, tobacco use accounts for an estimated 16,100 deaths every year with more than 3.5 million Nigerians (15 years and older) and more than 25,000 children (10-14 years) using tobacco daily. Nigeria became the 51st country to join the global Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (ITP) on 08 March 2019. The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products is the first Protocol of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). The objective of this Convention and its protocols is to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke.
Tobacco consumption poses major health threats in Nigeria as it is compounded by illicit trade. The Government of Nigeria is proactively engaging with relevant stakeholders with the view to deploying digital solutions to track and trace tobacco products along lines of manufacture and supply up to the point of consumption.